Singapore ( (listen)), officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign island city-state in Southeast Asia. The country is situated about one degree (137 kilometres or 85 miles) north of the equator, at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, with Indonesia's Riau Islands to the south and Peninsular Malaysia to the north. Singapore's territory consists of one main island along with 58 other islets. Since independence, extensive land reclamation has increased its total size by 23% (130 square kilometres or 50 square miles).
Although its history stretches back millennia, modern Singapore was founded in 1819 by Sir Stamford Raffles as a trading post of the British East India Company. After the Company's collapse in 1858, Singapore came under the direct control of the British Crown as a Crown colony known as the Straits Settlements. During the Second World War, Singapore was occupied by Japan, after which Britain occupied it again. Singapore gained independence from the British Empire in 1963 by joining Malaysia along with Sabah and Sarawak, but separated two years later over ideological differences, becoming a fully sovereign state in 1965. After early years of turbulence and despite lacking natural resources and a hinterland, the nation developed rapidly as an Asian Tiger economy, based on external trade and its workforce.
The city-state is classified as an Alpha+ global city, indicating its influence on the global economy. Singapore is the only country in Asia with an AAA sovereign rating from all major rating agencies, and one of 11 worldwide. Singapore is a highly developed country and is ranked 9th on the UN Human Development Index, the highest in Asia for a sovereign state, with the 7th highest GDP per capita in the world. It was ranked the most expensive city to live in from 2013 to 2019 by the Economist. It is identified as a tax haven. Singapore is placed highly in key social indicators: education, healthcare, quality of life, personal safety and housing, with a home-ownership rate of 90%. Singaporeans enjoy one of the world's longest life expectancy and one of the lowest infant mortality rates in the world. As of 2019, Singaporean citizens had visa-free or visa-on-arrival access to 190 countries and territories, ranking the Singaporean passport 1st in the world, tied with Japan.The city-state is home to 5.6 million residents, 39% of whom are foreign nationals, including permanent residents. There are four official languages of Singapore: English, Malay, Mandarin Chinese, and Tamil; most Singaporeans are bilingual, with English serving as the nation's lingua franca, while Malay is the national language. Nonetheless,
only about 10% of the population speaks Malay, with the most commonly spoken language at home being English, followed by Mandarin Chinese. Its cultural diversity is reflected in its extensive ethnic cuisine and major festivals. A 2014 study by Pew Research Center found that Singapore has the highest religious diversity of any country. Multiracialism has been enshrined in its constitution since independence, and continues to shape national policies in education, housing and politics. The city-state's historical district features dozens of landmarks such as The Esplanade, Fort Canning Hill, the National Gallery Singapore, Raffles Hotel and the Buddha Tooth Relic Temple. There are also numerous famous attractions within the city-state, notably Gardens by the Bay, Marina Bay Sands, Sentosa Island, Orchard Road, Jewel Changi Airport and the Singapore Zoo, which was ranked the best zoo in Asia. The Singapore Botanic Gardens is the only tropical garden in the world to be honoured as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.Singapore is a unitary parliamentary republic with a Westminster system of unicameral parliamentary government. According to the Democracy Index in 2018, the country is described as a "flawed democracy". As one of the five founding members of ASEAN, Singapore is the host of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Secretariat and Pacific Economic Cooperation Council (PECC) Secretariat, as well as many international conferences and events. Singapore is also a member of the United Nations, World Trade Organization, East Asia Summit, Non-Aligned Movement and the Commonwealth of Nations.
List of Pinterest Singapur images & Singapur pictures
List of all Pinterest Singapur images and pictures. Browse Pinterest Singapur ideas
Qué hacer en Singapur en 3 días [Incluye mapas y opciones de hospedaje]
Si buscas información para conocer el continente asiático estás en el sitio correcto. En este artículo te contamos todo lo que debes saber sobre qué ver en Singapur en 3 días. #tipsdeviajes #viajarporasia #singapur #queverensingapur
4 Tage Singapur - Was ist dran am Mythos? - koffer.kind
Auf der Suche nach den ultimativen Singapur Tipps? Dann schau mal auf meinem Blog vorbei und lass dich inspirieren. Ganz viele Essenstipps sind auch dabei :) . #kofferkind #travel #singapur #reisebericht #reisetipps #reiseziele #asien #reiseblog #asienreise
Hol dir die 10 Singapur Reisetipps - z. B. zu Marina Bay Sands Pool, Gardens by the Bay mit Supertrees, Sentosa Island, Merlion oder Orchard Road. Plus Singapore Tipps fürs Essen. #Singapur #Urlaub #Reisen
DIY Herbst Urlaub: Besuche die asiatische Metropole in den Herbstferien! Die besten Singapur Sehenswürdigkeiten im Herbst für Singapur in 3 Tagen, Singapur im November, Inspirationen für Herbst Städtereisen, Singapur im Oktober, Urlaub im Herbst #diyherbst #herbstdiy #herbsturlaub #herbstferien #singapur #singapore
18 cosas que hacer gratis en Singapur | Bitácora Viajera by Maru Mutti
18 cosas que hacer gratis en Singapur. Una lista con ideas para que viajar por Singapur no te arruine el presupuesto. #bitacoraviajera #viajarporasia #viajarasingapur #singapur #quehacergratis #guiasdeviaje
18 Singapur Sehenswürdigkeiten, die du auf keinen Fall verpassen darfst! Asiens Metropole hat viel zu bieten - von einem Freizeitparadies, den Universal Studios bis hin zu botanischen Gärten und dem Marina Bay Sands. In unserem Beitrag findest du alle Singapur Reisetipps, Erfahrungen & Insiderwissen. Wir zeigen dir was du im Reiseziel Singapur alles machen kannst und warum sich eine Singapur Reise definitiv lohnt!
A Guide to Singapore's Top 10 Photo Locations | Through Kelsey's Lens
A Guide to Singapore's Top 10 Photo Locations | Through Kelsey's Lens | Most Instagrammable Photography Locations in Singapore | Ultimate Singapore Photo Guide | Instagram-worthy Spots in Singapore #singapore #travel #asia